Supporters of Hashed Al Shaabi, an Iraqi paramilitary network dominated by Iran-backed factions, on Saturday burned down the main Kurdish party's headquarters in Baghdad after criticism from a Kurdish ex-minister.
Hundreds of Hashed demonstrators swept past a security detail and stormed into the offices of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), which runs the Kurdish autonomous region in northern Iraq, and torched them.
Protesters burned Kurdish flags while others carried posters of Iranian general Qasem Soleimani and his Iraqi lieutenant Abu Mahdi Al Muhandis, who were killed in a US drone strike near Baghdad airport last January.
The Hashed paramilitaries were formed in 2014 from mostly-Shia armed groups and volunteers to fight the Daesh group.
Hashed has since been formally integrated into Iraq's armed forces and has representation in parliament, and it has spawned several ideologically affiliated armed groups.
Earlier this month, Hoshyar Zebari, Iraq's longtime former foreign minister and a key Kurdish power-broker, said the government needed to "clean up the Green Zone (in Baghdad) from the presence of Hashed militias".
They were operating "outside the law", Zebari, a KDP member, said in comments to the Al Hurra television.
Kurdish president Nechirvan Barzani condemned Saturday's vandalism as "an act of sabotage" but also struck a unifying tone by noting that Hashed's fighters had battled alongside Kurdish peshmerga forces in defeating Daesh.
But Massoud Barzani, the KDP's veteran head, called on the Baghdad government to hold the assailants accountable.
"Those who attack the KDP and make a mockery of the values of Kurdistan's people will pay the price for their actions," he said.
Vian Sabry, head of the KDP bloc in the Iraqi parliament, blamed "unaccountable factions for being behind such acts", without elaborating.
On October 1, Kurdish authorities accused Hashed militants of firing rockets at the airport in Arbil, the capital city of Iraqi Kurdistan, where US troops are based.
Around 90 rocket attacks have targeted the US presence in Iraq since the January drone strike, with several claimed by pro-Iran factions.